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Author Topic: Fun Academic Articles and Findings  (Read 3983 times)

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Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #25 on: September 10, 2018, 02:53:38 AM »

Offline CopperLily

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #26 on: September 20, 2018, 01:28:35 PM »
There can be surprising side costs for making even a simple study like that in a manner that would satisfy the scientific community. It's also good to often go to the original article after seeing the press release versions. Sometimes the subject of the study may have been very different from what is later reported in the more public media :P

As a working scientist, all of these things.

- "I'm pretty sure I know this" is different from "We have an exact measure of this"
- Science is *expensive*
- Public reporting on science is...not good. And often only mildly related to what the paper says.

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #27 on: September 29, 2018, 03:34:49 PM »
God damn AI gets better fast...


Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #28 on: October 12, 2018, 12:03:59 PM »
Yep. Even for Cyberpunk stories it's rare to see this wild applications of AI. Kind of inspiring ;D Really wanna write near-future scifi with modern AI (neural network based) technology sometime.


Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #29 on: October 13, 2018, 09:45:41 AM »
I suppose this would fit the thread too.

Just look at it go ;D


Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #30 on: December 11, 2018, 03:42:58 PM »
Damn this is awesome. AI just keeps improving at an insane rate.


Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #31 on: December 15, 2018, 01:24:17 PM »
O my god. You can download this algorithm here and try it yourself. Gonna need to play around with it tomorrow and see what's up. It looks AWESOME!



e. If anyone more code-savvy wants to help me get it to work so I can play around please explain what the instructions actually mean ;D
« Last Edit: December 15, 2018, 01:30:29 PM by Sain »

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #32 on: December 23, 2018, 05:04:24 PM »
Old news, but good news for phylogenetics:

Lax, G., Eglit, Y., Eme, L., Bertrand, E. M., Roger, A. J. & Simpson, A. G. B. (2018). Hemimastigophora is a novel supra-kingdom-level lineage of eukaryotes. Nature 564, 410-414. doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0708-8



Meh, tardigrades are cuter.

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #33 on: December 24, 2018, 01:40:39 AM »
Ooh, that looks cool. Will need to take a read. Even old news is often new news since we all follow different fields ;D! So feel free to share more if you have!

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #34 on: December 28, 2018, 12:21:14 PM »
DNA Barcoding is a type of scientific technology predominantly utilized in phylogenetics and taxonomy, yet is expanding into other fields of science such as ecology, agriculture, horticulture, forestry and – as it states in this article – aquaculture. In particular, legislation pertaining to the fishing and seafood industries can be vastly improved by the implementation of DNA barcoding to identify vulnerable and endangered species to keep them in the ocean and off the market.

Wainwright, B. J., Ip, Y. C. A., Neo, M. L., Chang, J. J. M, Gan, C. Z., Clark-Shen, N., Huang, D. & Rao, M. (2018). DNA barcoding of traded shark fins, meat and mobulid gill plates in Singapore uncovers numerous threatened species. Conservation Genetics, 19(6), 1393–1399. doi.org/10.1007/s10592-018-1108-1


Now, DNA extraction for species identification in raw products is nothing new and has been done several times before. However, DNA barcoding is substantially faster and more accessible (not as accurate, since it's only the mtDNA, but pretty reliable nonetheless), so it's exciting to surmise that this type of novel technology can be utilized more frequently for stricter regulation of commercial imports and exports.

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #35 on: January 03, 2019, 12:29:48 AM »
In 2018, Kew scientists, researchers and partners discovered 172 new botanical species (128 tracheophytes*, 44 fungi) from deserts, rainforests, woodlands and mountains around the world. You can check out the featured species in this article.



Figure 1. The newly discovered Talbotiella cheekii in Guinea. T. cheekii is a member of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae) and grows to over 24 metres (~79 ft) in height and 83 cm (~33 in) in diameter. © Kew, 2018.

* – Vascular plants.

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #36 on: January 03, 2019, 03:04:47 AM »
That tree looks so cool. Like some fantasy species ;D

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #37 on: January 09, 2019, 03:51:50 AM »
This might be interesting to some since fusion power is often glossed over in the media with quite nonsensical explanations and the usual (20 years from now since 1990) hand wave. The article discusses some of the current hurdles in creation of a stable fusion power plant, and highlights a recent breakthrough in understanding of the plasma behaviour in the doughnut shaped plasma inside fusion reactors.

Scientists discover a process that stabilizes fusion plasmas - link to the media article (which has link to the original, but after a quick glimpse I do not recommend reading if you're not a physicist.)

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #38 on: January 10, 2019, 12:27:12 PM »
Researchers from Swansea University in Wales have identified a previously unknown strain of soil borne bacteria that is effective against four out of six antibiotic-resistant superbugs, including MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus).

Bacteria found in ancient Irish soil halts growth of superbugs: New hope for tackling antibiotic resistance


Growth of the previously unknown actinobacteria strain, Streptomyces sp. myrophorea (isolate McG1 species of Streptomyces). S. sp. myrophorea originates from an ethnopharmacology folk medicine used by neolithic peoples and druids in the townland of Toneel North in Boho, County Fermanagh. This bacteria is aptly named because it produces a distinctive fragrance similar to wintergreen oil (Greek: myro (fragrance) + phorea (porter, carrier)). Despite superficially resembling fungi, Streptomyces are true bacteria and account for two-thirds of the most common antibiotics used in modern medicine. S. sp. myrophorea is inhibitory to many species of ESKAPE pathogens, can grow in high alkalinity (pH 10.5) and can tolerate relatively high levels of radioactivity. © G. Quinn, Swansea University.


For the microbiologists and other enthusiasts on E, here is the resource material:

Terra, L., Dyson, P. J., Hitchings, M. D., Thomas, L., Abdelhameed, A., Banat, I. M., Gazze, S. A., Vujaklija, D., Facey, P. D., Francis, L. W. & Quinn, G. A. (2018). A novel alkaliphilic streptomyces inhibits ESKAPE pathogens. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9: 2458. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02458

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #39 on: January 10, 2019, 12:30:46 PM »
Researchers from Swansea University in Wales have identified a previously unknown strain of soil borne bacteria that is effective against four out of six antibiotic-resistant superbugs, including MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus).

Bacteria found in ancient Irish soil halts growth of superbugs: New hope for tackling antibiotic resistance


Growth of the previously unknown actinobacteria strain, Streptomyces sp. myrophorea (isolate McG1 species of Streptomyces). S. sp. myrophorea originates from an ethnopharmacology folk medicine used by neolithic peoples and druids in the townland of Toneel North in Boho, County Fermanagh. This bacteria is aptly named because it produces a distinctive fragrance similar to wintergreen oil (Greek: myro (fragrance) + phorea (porter, carrier)). Despite superficially resembling fungi, Streptomyces are true bacteria and account for two-thirds of the most common antibiotics used in modern medicine. S. sp. myrophorea is inhibitory to many species of ESKAPE pathogens, can grow in high alkalinity (pH 10.5) and can tolerate relatively high levels of radioactivity. © G. Quinn, Swansea University.


For the microbiologists and other enthusiasts on E, here is the resource material:

Terra, L., Dyson, P. J., Hitchings, M. D., Thomas, L., Abdelhameed, A., Banat, I. M., Gazze, S. A., Vujaklija, D., Facey, P. D., Francis, L. W. & Quinn, G. A. (2018). A novel alkaliphilic streptomyces inhibits ESKAPE pathogens. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9: 2458. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.02458

Awesome! I hope they'll start human testing soon.

I've also casually been following the experiments to find microbes in soil with much excitement. They're super promising, and makes perfect sense to try look for more antibiotics there given how it's been the battleground for back-and-forth between different microbes for so long. All these new findings of soil microbes combined with the promising phage therapy really make the doomsday scenarios of oncoming super bugs seem much less likely.

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #40 on: January 10, 2019, 12:44:10 PM »
Awesome! I hope they'll start human testing soon.

I've also casually been following the experiments to find microbes in soil with much excitement. They're super promising, and makes perfect sense to try look for more antibiotics there given how it's been the battleground for back-and-forth between different microbes for so long. All these new findings of soil microbes combined with the promising phage therapy really make the doomsday scenarios of oncoming super bugs seem much less likely.

Indeed, it is a novel discovery for the field of microbiology. I am interested to see how Streptomyces sp. myrophorea, McG1 will affect the epidemiology of specific types of diseases, especially those in HAI (Hospital Associated Infections). I think this discovery, coupled with the judicious prescription of antibiotics by general practitioners (and farmers), can help combat the insurgence of antibiotic resistant "super-bugs".

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #41 on: January 15, 2019, 08:04:15 PM »
BenchSci is a free antibody (Ab/Ig) search engine for academic researchers and scientists with publication data to help decode comprehensive open- and closed-access datasets, display published figures with no commercial bias and permit a search on experimental variables.

Neat.


Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #42 on: January 16, 2019, 02:04:19 AM »
This is pretty neat, thanks ;D Might actually find use for this tool.

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #43 on: January 28, 2019, 06:46:49 PM »
If you're a paleontologist, ichthyologist or general enthusiast, you might find this article interesting, about how the teeth of the newly discovered Galagadon nordquistae were found in the rock that once surrounded the famous Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton, Sue.


Offline Oniya

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #44 on: January 28, 2019, 10:28:24 PM »
The question now is: Was Sue gnawed on by the shark, or vice versa?

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #45 on: January 29, 2019, 12:50:04 PM »
Hehe, that is pretty cool.

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #46 on: February 01, 2019, 06:20:51 AM »
A really cool new method for 3D printing. Kind of genius how they can do it with just light projector and rotating sample holder. Really looking forward to this getting optimized to higher resolution.


Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #47 on: February 01, 2019, 10:38:11 AM »
Thanks for sharing, Sain! I love 3D printing; I have a friend who has the conventional machine, so seeing it in action is any form is very interesting  ;D
« Last Edit: February 01, 2019, 02:30:04 PM by Argyros Drakontos »

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #48 on: February 06, 2019, 12:05:58 PM »
We really are witnessing history with how the AI has improved in last few years. It's absolutely bonkers how fast things are going forward.


Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #49 on: February 07, 2019, 06:38:31 PM »
Fashion Alert! Researchers have fabricated a textile that dynamically regulates heat passing through the its weave, automatically cooling or insulating the user depending on exogenous stimuli. [Article]




Fig. 1. New fabric created by University of Maryland scientists YuHuang Wang and Ouyang Min is the first textile to automatically change properties to trap or release heat depending on external conditions. © Faye Levine, University of Maryland.