A lot of the reason for men not attending universities and not scoring as high on many exams has a lot to do with gender norms. Women are pushed to excel academically in order to find better jobs and compete in the job market. The feminist movement made the act of excelling in school a sort of “proof” of equality for many women and that competitive spirit persists. Men were not quite given that competition with women or need to prove themselves academically, so they are still operating under principles of the 1950s. While they are certainly expected to be more “logical,” their emphasis is placed more on useful skills and tasks along with physical dominance. So where a woman will find more acceptance in scoring high on her math test, a man will find more social reward in fixing a car engine.
There is also the often overlooked norm that men are supposed to work. As much as we would like to say otherwise, women do expect men to work. Having a job is very central to a man’s importance and status in society. So men are more likely to work while in college, which limits the amount of hours they can take and are more prone to take more job focused courses. Notice the article points that men still dominate in technical fields. A man finds acceptance and validation in being able to market a skill over possessing what can be seen as “useless” knowledge. The idea of having a job and providing is once more at the center of their identity. Women do not have that central focus of attracting the opposite sex with their ability to provide. An example I would give is of a woman in one of my courses spoke about how her husband worked while she went to school and “discovered” what she wanted to do. While women might support a man going to school, the man is going to school for a very specific reason.
The answer to the title of the thread is no though because the article firmly establishes that the glass ceiling is still in place. While young women are earning more at these positions, these positions are entry level for ambitious young people. Top executive spots which would go to people that have worked in the company for sometime are given more to men as the article highlights. Women who are married and/or have children are still not able to compete with their male counterparts in terms of pay. So while women are winning the sprint, I’m fairly confident men are still winning the marathon.