Other terrorist causes? - A look back
The discussion here is extending into left-wing and islamist terrorism as well, and that's motivated of course. For perspective, I'd like to add that there have been no instances of political assassinations, killing sprees, hostage takings or kidnappings that
-were actually undertaken, not merely sketched
-killed anyone other than the instigator (added this one to account for the 2010 Stockholm suicide bombing, in itself unique)
-had a known political motive and
-were engineered by a group that had originated here in Scandinavia or which acted from some kind of motive based in domestic politics, or by a loner, not wholly on behalf of some foreign movement.
There's been a very few hijackings and hostage dramas carried out by terrorist bands from other countries, one being an occupation of the West German embassy at Stockholm in 1975 by an RAF (Baader-Meinhof Gang) commando where German diplomats were taken hostage. Two of them were killed in cold blood; then the building went on fire due to a packet of TNT exploding, most likely accidentally; the terrorists had to leave and were seized by the police, who also went in and rescued the remaining hostages who had been left tied up in a room on the upper floor.
The assassination of Swedish foreign secretary Anna Lindh in 2003 (she was stabbed multiple times in a Stockholm department store while shopping, in a ferocious attack by a Serb) may have been in retaliation for her support for the NATO air raids over Serbia a few years before, but the killer was very uncommunicative about his motive or even about his activities on the day of the killing. He basically said "I don't remember, I was high" or "I wasn't there" all through the trial.
The assassination of Swedish PM Olof Palme in 1986 on a street in Stockholm may
have been carried out by some right-wing network, possibly in collusion with cops having similar sympathies, and acting on a notion that he was a half-communist selling out Sweden to the Russians, or by a foreign secret service; South African operatives have been hinted. Palme was a strong supporter of the ANC and there had just been an ANC conference in Stockholm, hosted by the Swedish labour party, where Palme had been one of the key speakers. Like Lindh, he had no bodyguards around at that point; he had been to the movies with his wife and they were walking home. The lack of bodyguards has been severely criticized but it was on his own expressed wish for that night.
The police inquiry was a trail of trouble and low competence and evidently evaded the possibility that there might have been a political motive; there wasn't even an analysis made of possible such motives after the killing (sounds incredible doesn't it?). A rowdy Stockholm criminal, who had never killed with a shotgun before, was charged with the murder a couple of years later, found guilty and then acquitted on appeal. Many people, including myself, do not believe he had anything to do with it, and the assassination will most likely go down in history as an unsolved enigma. So it just might have been a right-wing political murder but not really a terrorist act in the normal sense of the word.
In Denmark, a band of Danish PFLP sympathizers and communists, active in the seventies and eighties, made a string of some of the most professionally executed bank robberies ever in Danish history and delivered the booty to the Palestinian organization. At the same time, they managed to keep their ordinary working lives going; wives and husbands didn't even know what their loved ones were into and their skilful separating out of their criminal activities helped keep the very existence of the band shady to the police, though there was a rising suspicion that an obscure left-wing party had transformed into a bankrobber network. It helped that for most of their career they restricted themselves to bank heists and didn't actually engage in kidnapping or murder. In 1985 they planned an abduction of the son of a packaging magnate (from his apartment in the very same southern Swedish town I live in) but they pulled back at the last moment due to unforeseen logistic trouble. At a robbery against a major post office depot in Copenhagen in 1989 they got away with eq. of about two million dollars but killed a cop in a pursuing police car - that evidently shook the group and a few months later the police hauled in one of the key men on a different charge and gained a vital clue: the address to the secret apartment, rented under cover of a fictitious computer club and a bogus rent payer name, where they had been storing weapons, explosives and plans (the police already had a key to that place, found in a vehicle used at the Copenhagen heist, but had been unable to get the corresponding address) and the story began to unfold. This is a fascinating piece of history, not least because they managed to keep up double lives for so many years. But again, they only touched on actually carrying out political killings themselves.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Blekinge_Street_Gang
So, there have been no actual assassinations, kidnappings or violent hostage dramas, planned as such, brought into action and carried out by a native group or a native lone terrorist, for a political motive based on domestic political issues and tensions
. None that we know of in the last hundred years or so, apart from during WW2, not until last Friday.