The ancient tribes that we call Celtic today left very little writing behind them -- they valued the arts of memorizing and storytelling more than the art of writing -- but they did bequeath a wealth of place names to those who followed them. The word aber
for example, as in the modern city name Aberstwyth in Wales, refers to the mouth of a river. Caer
, meaning fortress, is seen today in the names Caernarfon and Caër, in France.
The names of the tribes themselves are also believed to linger on, in such names as Bayeux, thought to derive from the Baiocasses tribe; Paris, from the Parisii; Vienna, from the Vindobona; and Dublin, from the goddess Dubh. And since the Celtic tribes thrived during the Iron Age, it's fitting that the word "iron" itself comes from the Celtic word isarnon
, meaning strong.
(And yes, this is a gentle reminder to vote early, vote often.