Migrant workers, as well as illegal immigrants I'll grant you. In either case these people should not be taken advantage of (well no one should) but they are especially vulnerable. This recently happened in our neighborhood, with Chipolte. There are a number of possible remedies, all of which move beyond the subject of this post I am sure. It wouldn't think it's rule however, rather the exception.
A lot of clothing with 'made in the USA' is made using prison labor, as well as a lot of manufacturing in general. Our tax money effectively subsidizes these industries. People get strung up on drug or debt charges, or in the case of one judge out East, outright imposing unlawful sentences for kickbacks from the prison company.
What does spam, global warming and seaside aquifers have to do with what we are discussing? Which granted, has now moved beyond the subject of the post, but if we are talking about the relative quality and security of a union job versus a non-union job, I have no idea what you're referring to.
You asked for the definition of a negative externality and examples.
For an example related to employment, there are millions of examples - any workplace hazard that is not made clear to you when you sign up, or that you are effectively coerced into accepting. Sorry if that seemed like a tangent. More relevant examples - the eleven workers who died when the oil rig blew up in the Gulf, their families, and every business they were patronizing, because of company carelessness. Mine workers in general fought for union rights, in part, because of the hazards of their work.
Are you referring to workplace safety? Granted, working as I do for a private non-union company I don't have at my disposal a third-party to oversee the means and manner of my work environment, no one, least of all my employer or management wishes to work in an environment any less than comfortable and safe.
This entirely depends on where you work, and the value of you and what an accident would damage versus the value of whatever you are bringing in is and how replaceable you are. What do you do? Now compare that to crab fishermen, where they don't even have to worry about disposing of the body.
Note that does not necessarily mean crab fishermen are facing negative externalities. "My job is not to get you home safe, my job is to get you home rich." The lack of safety is inherent in their wage. This is not necessarily true when, for example, blacks face artificial barriers to obtaining transportation and living arrangements elsewhere, and thus have a comparatively limited number of options for employment.
1. True, I can't argue with that but that has always been the case, and likely will remain so. Do you suggest there is a remedy to controlling the flow of populations and where people chose to live?
Well no, it's much better now than it was when it was legal to refuse to sell black people a residential property in a neighborhood. Those laws might not be necessary any longer, but they were at one point.
There is also a need for a better mass transit infrastructure. This is slowly being corrected by market forces, but this sort of thing is a good example of when a government can smooth a transition.
2. I'm all for the ability for people to be able to buy health insurance from any provider regardless of employment or state.
That is not a solution. There is no reason for an insurance company who provides something that everyone benefits from to exist - that is, by definition, the role of government. It is actually looming national defense issue with the spectre of bioterrorism (and one of the reasons post offices are required to operate even when there is no seeming need for them).
An efficient market requires a large number of providers and a large number of consumers. Insurance companies are exempt from antitrust regulations, and operate as monopolies or otherwise engage in open price fixing and gauging. They are regardless in very limited number, and this makes the efficient market hypothesis not applicable. There is no market based solution.
Health care is also very much a public good - that is, the quality of one person's health impacts everyone they interact with.
3. No I haven't. But then no one forces you to sign anything. You always have a choice. Granted your choices might be limited, but you do have a choice. A coerced contract would be tantamount to blackmail, no?
The legal term is unconscionable provision.
It's important, when you consider this aspect, to take into account that not everyone is educated, literate, or thinks as critically as they should. Or that sometimes people are desperate. And when it comes time, they may not understand they have legal remedies, or may not be able to afford a civil procedure.
4. I've not seen institutionalized and sanctioned tenure/seniority benefits anywhere I've worked. When I think tenure I think teachers, and professorships. Unions.
Was where I worked, and it wasn't a unionized position. The seniority benefits union members got there were atrocious, though, but only part of the company was unionized.
Tenure is a separate concept from unions. It is supposed to make sure that an educator can express an opinion without fear of political retribution, whether from donors, officers of the University, or politicians. That probably needs to be re-thought on a more general level, but the freedom of academic expression is more important than the freedom of the press. At least in their subject matter, professors at least know what they are talking about.
5. Certainly true, but employment and economies rise and fall with times. This will pass. If only our leadership, the government would be willing to rip the proverbial band-aid off rather than inch, by inch.
We're in a liquidity crisis. That requires an influx of capital to the general populace, which shows no sign of occurring any time soon as the Democrats are too cowardly to try and the Republicans certainly won't. About the only thing that might happen to correct that is the meaningful rise of an alternative currency.
Nothing you describe resembles my reality. That doesn't mean my reality is everyone else's certainly but I assure you I was most certainly not born with a silver spoon in my mouth nor afforded any special gifts or talents. Rather, at the age of 16 I was told to 'not come home' and spent the next few years going from foster home, to group home, to shelter, until I joined the Navy and pulled myself together. Now I make 67K a year with nothing more than a GED at back.
You were given public shelter, took a public job, and take advantage of public mobility. These are things you benefit from.
The point of this is, how is it I can do this, but so many others cannot? More to the point, without the 'benefit' of a union I've managed to make a reasonable enough living absent any 'right to work' or third party looking out for my interests?
Most of it is just gross ignorance, though your own personal health is a factor - you qualified for the Navy, after all, and gained from that experience.
One of my worst clients - actually I will flat out call them the worst - runs a payday loan company. Those companies, by any reasonable market expectation, should not exist. But they prey on the ignorant, the desperate, and the paranoid. Charging 12% fees to transfer money, %400 interest rates, and so on. The owner was staunchly conservative, of course, but wasn't interested in paying the debt he owes me. But he makes his living by driving others into debt and collecting from them.
So as for 'special benefit'
1) Were you ever denied a bank account after you got out of the Navy, without doing something silly?
2) Do you at least understand basic math enough to know what 25% monthly
interest rates mean? You don't have to work out the compound.
3) Did you have the benefit of being raised in a household that did not tell you banks are evil and should not be dealt with under any circumstances, or at the very least, had the benefit of being wise enough not to believe them?
Life experience matters. Knowing where and how to find what you need matters. Critical thinking and a good general awareness of the world matters.
It's hard to put a value to that. It applies to a lot of fields - paying for the promotion and server work I've done for Elliquiy - rather than doing it myself - would cost a couple thousand dollars per month. Instead I make a bit each month, because people see my experience and hire me out of the blue for it.
I know it's hard to feel sympathy for people who refuse
to learn. But I do not believe this means that they should not have the opportunity.