RPM is an alternate reality, so it stands alone. I can try and string the rest along.
Time travelers from Time Force fail their mission and leave important technology in the past.
Zordon Era is pretty simple, ending with Zordons death and the defeat of The Alliance of Evil.
Tommy leaves for Reefside, California, to study the technology of the Rangers, ends up creating Mesogog by accident, who tries to restore Dinosaur dominance. He becomes a teacher at the local highschool and recruits three students to be Dino Thunder Rangers.
During this period, Earth faced some issues which must have been pretty severe (climate change, population boom, lack of resources) and Tera Venture was created to seek out a new planet for colonization. Tera Venture was most likely reverse engineered from Dark Specters ship which was left on Earth. The planet Miranoi (no idea of the proper spelling) was colonized.
The issues on Earth, which were never explained, weren't so bad now, once again, no explanation (you'll be hearing that a lot) and the US military digs up technology from the Jurassic period that is either Zordon's or very similar, and reverse engineer that to create the Lightspeed Rescue team.
Some time after that was resolved, a conflict in another dimension spills over into our world near the town of Briarwood, and the Mystic Rangers come into play. With magical creatures later accepted into Briarwood, it becomes the perfect trial city for alien immigration as seen in SPD, and I assume it's also the same city that the Time Force are situated in, but much further in the future.
Around the same time that Briarwood and the Mystic Rangers were happening, the Ord, demons, were coming up in another part of the world, which had been sealed in the same conflict 3000 years prior of Lost Galaxy. They try to polute the world to make it unliveable to all except for Ord. Gaia, basically Mother Earth, recruits Rangers to stop them.
Ninja Storm and Jungle Fury are at least in the same general period, though I'm not sure where they are in relation to the Briarwood and Lightspeed Rescue general era. It can't be too far off, since it's still in modern day, but Mystic, Lightspeed, Dino Thunder, Wild Force, Jungle Fury and the past timeline of Time Force all seem to happen at roughly the same time after Miranoi's colonization, just on seperate parts of the world.
After that, Operation Overdrive would start somewhere not too far, showing humanity getting an increasingly firm hold on the technology Zordon brought to Earth, with SPD coming to Briarwood first and spreading across Earth, then Time Force, then the failed time travel experiments which leave Ranger tech in the past for Lightspeed Rescue to find.
RPM is the only season that is not in canon, and some people refuse to count anything Disney did as part of Power Rangers canon. I say fuck those guys. Its confusing, yes, I tried to stream line it as much as I could, but it fits well enough, even if theres plenty of small inconsistencies, and areas where ya just have to believe whatever it drops in front of you. Like Gaia having magic that is similar to Ranger's technology. Yeah, yeah, Galactibeasts weren't Gaia's, they could have brought technology with them and adapted it, that ones at least semi-plausible, but I just try not to think too much on other inconsistencies.