(I'm going to post the short-response essay I ended up writing, in its entirety. Feel free to agree or disagree, this is just what my opinion is. The topic is "Assess the effect of technology upon the outcome of the Second World War.)
The Second World War was a cataclysmic event for peoples and countries all across the world, a conflict that drew together allies that might not otherwise have done so, had the war not been on such a grand scale. With the combined military might of five of the world’s major powers, plus their allies, directed at each other with each side striving for absolute victory, the war was a showcase for the emerging and evolving technologies of war. Some of the developments were more successful than others, however, and it was these few developments that had a true impact on the conflict. The development of the P-51 Mustang escort fighter, the B-29 Stratofortress bomber, and the advent of atomic weapons all proved to be game-changing technological innovations that served to end the war decisively in the favor of the Allied powers.
The Allied powers, and particularly the United States, were a stand-out example of how effective concentrated, thoughtful technological innovation could be and truly have an impact on the outcome of an armed conflict. Not only did the Allies funnel resources into projects that could truly have the potential to shorten the war that was costing the lives of millions, but they successfully avoided the opposite side of the spectrum. The experience of the German military during the war, obtaining technology seemingly just for the sake of having it, is a prime example of what could have happened to the Allies had they not been so careful with their resource investment. The Tiger tank, the V-2 rocket and the ME-262 jet fighter were all remarkable technological marvels, and yet they failed to have a palpable impact on the course of the war. The Allies kept this from happening to them, and thus were able to successfully exploit their innovations to end the war on their terms.