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Author Topic: Fun Academic Articles and Findings  (Read 7305 times)

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Offline Al Terego

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #100 on: May 15, 2019, 07:35:36 PM »
Pico cellulose?

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #101 on: May 18, 2019, 11:07:55 AM »


Looks like open AI has finally almost completely eclipsed human level skill in Dota2.

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #102 on: May 18, 2019, 11:26:19 AM »
Spoiler: Click to Show/Hide


Looks like open AI has finally almost completely eclipsed human level skill in Dota2.



Reminiscent of the AlphaStar (AI) Bot from Deep Mind. Damn computers, you scary! [Article]

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #103 on: May 18, 2019, 11:31:07 AM »
They are crazy. Can't wait to see what we have next year!

Offline Al Terego

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #104 on: May 18, 2019, 11:36:28 AM »
Cyberdyne Systems?

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #105 on: May 20, 2019, 07:48:53 PM »
A new research study has discovered that computers can be just as good, if not better, than doctors at detecting lung cancer based on CT imaging scans. The AI was 94% accurate in screening for lung cancer on 6,716 CT scans, and exhibited fewer false positives and false negatives compared to a team of professional radiologists. While the technology is a work in progress and not ready for public use, it does offer a glimpse into the future of artificial intelligence in medicine. [Article] [Publication]

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #106 on: May 21, 2019, 04:22:34 AM »
A new research study has discovered that computers can be just as good, if not better, than doctors at detecting lung cancer based on CT imaging scans. The AI was 94% accurate in screening for lung cancer on 6,716 CT scans, and exhibited fewer false positives and false negatives compared to a team of professional radiologists. While the technology is a work in progress and not ready for public use, it does offer a glimpse into the future of artificial intelligence in medicine. [Article] [Publication]

These are awesome. I'm involved in some diagnostics development myself and it's been awesome to watch what AI can do with images. We have skin cancer, and now radiological data analysed by them? Can't wait to see them integrated into typical lab testing with ELISA and immunoblotting as well. I have no doubt they'll far surpass doctors in near future given that we have massive databanks to train them with. Now if only we had decent lobbyists advocating for the assisted diagnostics to get approved or endorsed by CDC, EDC, and other organizations  ::) Buuuut my guess is the doctors lobbying to keep absolute control and authority have richer lobbyists and some folk are gonna have to fight hard to deliver this stuff to us patients. Same thing with rapid diagnostics and self testing in general.

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #107 on: May 22, 2019, 05:18:54 PM »
Now if only we had decent lobbyists advocating for the assisted diagnostics to get approved or endorsed by CDC, EDC, and other organizations  ::)

<insert lobbyist satire here>

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #108 on: May 23, 2019, 05:21:40 PM »
Chemical engineers at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario have discovered how to preserve vaccines without refrigeration. The live virus vaccine (LVV) was desiccated with a sugar solution, which could then be stored at 40ºC (104ºF) for months without negative effects on its efficacy. This scientific discovery is particularly impressive as current vaccines are extremely fragile, requiring a specific temperature range (2–8ºC) to retain its effectiveness, which only lasts for a few days. [Article] [Publication]

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #109 on: May 30, 2019, 07:06:17 PM »
Scientists from the University of Toronto have developed a new electrochemical pathway to transform atmospheric CO2 into commercial products such as fuel and plastics. This emergent direct-air carbon capture technology achieves a no-waste manufacturing process, with a 100% carbon utilization rate. [Article] [Publication]

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #110 on: June 06, 2019, 10:39:12 PM »
Calling all armour fans! Researchers from North Carolina State University (NCSU) have created a composite metal foam (CMF) that stops .50 caliber ball and armor-piercing (AP) rounds as effectively as steel armour, at less than half the weight. In addition, the CMF is fire- and heat-resistant and very effective at shielding various types of radiation, including X-rays, gamma rays and neutrons. This could be technology straight out of a science fiction novel! [Article] [Publication]

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #111 on: June 07, 2019, 02:21:03 AM »
Calling all armour fans! Researchers from North Carolina State University (NCSU) have created a composite metal foam (CMF) that stops .50 caliber ball and armor-piercing (AP) rounds as effectively as steel armour, at less than half the weight. In addition, the CMF is fire- and heat-resistant and very effective at shielding various types of radiation, including X-rays, gamma rays and neutrons. This could be technology straight out of a science fiction novel! [Article] [Publication]

Very cool. Need to take a looksie and steal their terminology for more believable scifi. Sounds like it could make good space ship armor.

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #112 on: June 10, 2019, 07:14:26 PM »
UMBC Postdoctoral fellow Sarah Stellwagen and Rebecca Renberg at the Army Research Lab in Maryland have published the first ever complete sequences of genes that allow spiders to produce glue — a sticky, modified version of spider silk. This unique innovation could pave the way for scientists in manufacturing biomaterials for medical purposes [Article] [Publication]

Offline Al Terego

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #113 on: June 10, 2019, 08:32:30 PM »
So, if I use CRISPR to splice that gene sequence into my DNA, and wear red-and-blue spandex and a mask, I could make out with Mary-Jane Watson?

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #114 on: June 11, 2019, 06:23:45 PM »
Scientists from UBC have discovered an enzymatic pathway in the human gut microbiome that can convert¹ Type A blood to Type O blood, the universal donor standard, by removing its defining antigens. The potential use for this discovery is huge, considering how much blood is required by hospitals on a daily basis for emergency surgeries, scheduled operations, and routine transfusions. [Article] [Publication]


¹ – With the same rhesus factor (Rh).

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #115 on: June 12, 2019, 03:39:01 AM »
Scientists from UBC have discovered an enzymatic pathway in the human gut microbiome that can convert¹ Type A blood to Type O blood, the universal donor standard, by removing its defining antigens. The potential use for this discovery is huge, considering how much blood is required by hospitals on a daily basis for emergency surgeries, scheduled operations, and routine transfusions. [Article] [Publication]


¹ – With the same rhesus factor (Rh).

What the heck, that sounds too good and awesome in everyway, will need to read the article later :o

e. Looked neat. I hope they can scale this up to production as soon as possible. I bet funding isn't gonna be an issue.
« Last Edit: June 13, 2019, 05:04:44 AM by Sain »

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #116 on: June 15, 2019, 03:10:34 PM »


This is just crazy good. Combine this with some of the modern speech synthetically and it's already impossible for an average human to tell fake inverview footage from neural network edited one.

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #117 on: June 16, 2019, 01:25:41 PM »
Spoiler: Click to Show/Hide

This is just crazy good. Combine this with some of the modern speech synthetically and it's already impossible for an average human to tell fake interview footage from a neural network edited one.

Seeing is believing.

#1984

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #118 on: June 16, 2019, 05:51:42 PM »
Stressed? Researchers from the University of Colorado are currently working on a "stress vaccine" derived from Mycobacterium vaccae, a soil-borne bacterium. When laboratory mice were injected with the serum prior to a stressful event, it prevented a symptom similar to PTSD, which diminished stress reactions. Going a step further, the team was also able to identify, isolate and synthesize the lipid responsible for these effects. [Article] [Publication]

Online Oniya

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #119 on: June 16, 2019, 05:59:19 PM »
Stressed? Researchers from the University of Colorado are currently working on a "stress vaccine" derived from Mycobacterium vaccae, a soil-borne bacterium. When laboratory mice were injected with the serum prior to a stressful event, it prevented a symptom similar to PTSD, which diminished stress reactions. Going a step further, the team was also able to identify, isolate and synthesize the lipid responsible for these effects. [Article] [Publication]

Soil-borne...  I wonder if this might be yet another reason that things like gardening and 'forest bathing' are useful ways of dealing with stress.  (The whole 'relaxing and being in quiet, calm environments' thing doesn't hurt either, of course.)

Offline Argyros

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Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #120 on: June 17, 2019, 05:47:45 PM »
Soil-borne...  I wonder if this might be yet another reason that things like gardening and 'forest bathing' are useful ways of dealing with stress.  (The whole 'relaxing and being in quiet, calm environments' thing doesn't hurt either, of course.)

I agree. I may be biased on this conjecture due to prior research, but the effects of nature on human health and well-being have been scientifically proven in studies the world over. [1] [2] [3] [4] I wouldn't be surprised if a soil-borne microorganism such as Mycobacterium vaccae was a contributing factor to reduced stress responses in humans, in addition to the ones you have mentioned.

Further to the original study, inactivated vaccines of M. vaccae have been previously utilized as immunotherapy for allergic asthma, cancer, depression, leprosy, psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and tuberculosis. Interestingly, while M. vaccae is nonpathogenic, its cousin M. tuberculosis is highly pathogenic and, as the name suggests, is responsible for causing tuberculosis.

Quote from: Wikipedia
Numerous trials have indicated that exposure to oral and injectable products derived from M. vaccae bacteria can have positive effects in treating tuberculosis. Although a 2002 review of selected clinical trials failed to find any consistent benefit of certain dosage regimens of injectable Mycobacterium products in people with tuberculosis,[6] a more recent meta-analysis of 54 clinical studies of M. vaccae products for tuberculosis showed treatment resulted in improved sputum conversion and radiological (X-ray) assessment.[7]

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #121 on: June 20, 2019, 10:49:27 AM »


About voice translation and voice transfer.

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #122 on: June 25, 2019, 10:27:05 AM »


Holy damn. This stuff is insane.

Online SainTopic starter

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #123 on: June 29, 2019, 10:33:24 AM »


O my god O.O 3D art is gonna go nuts with this technique.

Offline RedRose

Re: Fun Academic Articles and Findings
« Reply #124 on: July 08, 2019, 12:36:36 PM »
seriously need a stress vax