I was reading this this morning and I will note this is agreat example of a government starting with a respectable idea, crafting a bad base law ripe for abuse and then lawyers mucking the field further through the courts to twist the bad law into worse applications of said law.
In this case the courts banned Duke Power from using a standardized test for everyone, racially neutral as demanded by the law, since it was unfair to disadvantaged groups which the Court added. This was crazy I'm fully in support in ending Jim Crow as a Libertarian and the law could have limited any state from having a law that biases the deck to any one group ending that. But then they decided to extend their law to private discrimination that of businesses and persons which I find offensive but is still in my mind justified under the Constitution. Public and social pressure would have been the tools here I for one don't give to one charity for their discrimination against gays and I won't shop where the employer is racist. I suspect over 90% of Americans feel the same. So why a law so broad.
In this case the employers were put in a position to have to have a standard for a job, testing caused legal landmines so the author rightly argued they now demand a college degree at some level for employment. Even if not even needed for a position just to avoid lawsuits. In many cased years ago if they passed a simple battery of tests they would have gotten a job if they had the aptitudes needed.
The American with Disabilities Act was just as poorly done it went from having better access to buildings and fair treatment in employment decisions to now making almost every minor malady a "disability". The red flag should have bee the over 40 million disbled noted when they were debating that which was 1/6th of the population. One in six citizens had a disability that seemed far fetched. And now I know employers who won't hire a disabled person due to the legal complications that might happen even if they would like to. Again the lawyers and courts mucking up the good idea, into a poorly written law (75 pages cover what is a disability and the various related terms for reference) and a law that is hard to impliment so employers don't try. Now I use a wheelchair, I am grateful for the minor changes to make me getting around easier but I suspect its far over the intention of the law now.
I just think the government should when they decide on laws think these through and maybe get far more input, focusing on a law as minimally impacting as possible for specific problems. In the first case ending government laws from invoking discrimination as in Jim Crow and in the latter case just demanding access to the disabled to places of public access, and businesses perhaps but I suspect if the government led the way public pressure would have opened up most private businesses. The elderly and disabled spend money it would have been good business with tax credits for encouragement.
Well thats my take on this to start any discussion.