Howdy all, I'm back. Kidney surgery isn't fun, but kidney stones that get stuck and start putting down roots are even LESS fun, and I have a pain threshold of 'Are you serious?!' (Back before I decided I liked the other end of the leash better, I was an infamous iron-butt sub in local Scene circles.)
I have a bunch of things to catch up on, but just to fill in some things that might help folks:
Hell yes, ships had cooks. Long John Silver, of Treasure Island fame, was the ship's cook. The cooking fire was usually built carefully in a pot of sand which rested on bricks and had bricks above it on the ceiling as well. They didn't eat canned goods on those 2-3 month voyages between continents, back in the day!
A list of positions that every ship had:
The Captain or Master,
A series of Mates, with varying responsibility (more on larger ships to divide the larger quantity of crew responsibilities),
A Boatswain or Bosun, sometimes called "Boats," responsible for stores and maintenance and supplies (including the small boats which most vessels had for shore parties or towing), as well as all deck activities (lowering and weighing anchor, trimming sails, etc.). While Boats was responsible for all of this being done properly, much of it was usually delegated to the Mates, who were frequently understudies to other officers. On an Admiralty ship, this role might be called "Purser," and have more to do with accounting than procurement,
The Ship's Carpenter, "Nails," who was responsible for mending items of wood and maintaining the ships hull. Aboard a sufficiently large vessel there might be a specialist assistant known as the Cooper who primarily mended barrels, casks, etc. The carpenter also did surgical duty and amputations in the age before more scientific approaches to medicine,
The Quarter-Master, usually chief of any marines/boarding parties, because these generally assaulted a ship alongside from the quarter-deck.
The Sailing-Master, Sea-Artist, or "Sails," responsible for navigation of the vessel under the Captain's orders,
Pilot or Steersman, responsible for actually working the rudder, particularly in dangerous waters, and turning Sails' designs into actual motion and direction, in some later eras these two positions were merged,
The Ship's Chirurgeon (Surgeon) or Physicker, who performed amputations and dispensed medicaments in the age after more scientific approaches to medicine resulted in the awareness that you needed someone with skills beyond being able to saw,
The Ship's Cook, who was responsible for the feeding of the crew and maintenance of the cooking fire,
The Ship's Chaplain, who was responsible for the souls while the cook and physicker maintained the bodies (probably not on the Molly, but there's bound to be at least one nun costume somewhere...Or maybe a vicar's robes, for that matter),
Riggers, responsible for the operation and upkeep of topsails and rigging, an extremely dangerous job that involved a lot of climbing and doing difficult things up in the rigging (no safety net)
Able-Bodied Seamen (or women) - Everybody else!
A naval vessel or a privateer that mounted weapons had these additional roles:
Master Gunner, "Guns," responsible for the maintenance and laying of all of the ship's cannon,
Captain of Marines, if there were marines...replaces the Quarter-Master for boarding and away-party purposes,
Marines, where applicable (Marines are always applicable, sometimes you just need more glue than others)
A really large Admiralty vessel might have these roles as well:
Steward, either the head cook OR something of a butler to the officers...On the Molly, might be responsible for seeing to the comfort of passengers/Johns/Janes,
Caulker, responsible for the seaworthiness of the hull,
Armourer, responsible for the maintenance of all small arms aboard ship,
Ropemaker, the only person on board who ever uses the word "rope," to everyone else, that's NOT a rope, it's a LINE,
Sailmaker, in charge of mending damaged sails and fabricating replacements from available canvas,
Master-at-Arms, instead of Captain of Marines, particularly on vessels where your boarding party weren't actual Marines, or during eras when the term "Captain" referred to only ONE person aboard, and no confusion was tolerated,
I am totally not a historian with a love for the Golden Age of Sail. Honest.