Blasphemy, in a religious sense, is no business of the law. The last time anyone was called into court for blasphemous acts in any of the Nordic countries was, I think, in the thirties when Norwegian writer Arnulf Överland was sued for a conference talk he had been touring with, called, ironically, Christianity - the Tenth Plague of the Land
. The court took exactly one day to decide that he was not guilty of blasphemy, and it effectively killed that paragraph of the code of law.
Hate Crimes against some ethnic, religious or sexual group is a different matter. Those are not about the intention to break or ridicule actual beliefs, but more about statements that really aim to encourage seeing some such group - gays, muslims, Africans, Greeks, whatever - as subhuman or so dangerous or criminally stupid that they should be killed or eliminated. It's the desired effect, or the rethorical firepower, rather than the actual statement vs religious dogma ("the Bible is crass") that matters. If you held a speech, or published an article in a paper as its editor-in-chief, saying Christians/Muslims as a group - not just their beliefs, but they as people - are scum, they can never be bettered or taught anythng, that all you can do to save yourself is kill them - that would be hate speech according to the law and it could make you pay some serious damages. Or go to jail, if it was really serious.