I was just reminded of an interview I saw with the rapper Immortal Technique. What he claims, which I find quite compelling, is that gun violence in the US is not an issue of gun control, but an issue of a violent society. Journalist and activist Chris Hedges says essentially the same thing: America is different, America is ... violent.
And I think it's obvious that the solution is not gun control. Unfortunately. Gun control might've worked if there had never been a second amendment in the first place. But you can't just uproot a system and expect everything to be fixed overnight. It should also be patently obvious that, contrary to the common rhetoric of criminals getting guns no matter what, not having guns does not inevitably and immediately lead to a criminal society.
That myth is very easily dismissed, by showing a comparison between two countries like the US and Norway, the ones I'm most familiar with. According to the site gunpolicy.org, there are 31.3 privately owned guns per 100 persons in Norway, and that's about a third of the number they have for the US ( 101.05 per 100 ). You'd expect, if you subscribed to the view that fewer guns leads to more crime, that the rate of gun homicides would be far higher in Norway. Spoiler: They're not. They're about 9 times higher in the US, at 3.6 per 100 000. There is apparently some correlation between number of guns and gun homicides, because the difference is smaller ( US only about 7.7 times larger ) when comparing homicides by any means.
Now, comparing all these numbers, we get the following: roughly 6% of intentional homicides in Norway were by guns ( in 2010 ), while the figure for the US is 70%. That's ... a considerable difference. More considerable, I think, than can be accounted for by the mere presence of guns in the society in question. Now, that's speculation on my part, but the numbers, at least, don't add up in a linear way. If guns led directly to homicides, you'd expect to see about three times as many in the US as in Norway. The actual figure is over 11 times. That, I think, is an important difference. Because either it means that homicides increase exponentially with the presence of guns, or it means that there are other factors involved that aren't directly related to the number of guns. I think the latter is more probable.
I can also tell you that, in my own experience, the missing factor is not security and securitization. It might, which will probably upset some conservatives, be socialism. Or social democracy, and a proper welfare state.
( Numbers for The US here
, and for Norway here